INTRODUCTION OF Mahogany:
Mahogany is a kind of wood — the straight - grained, reddish - brown timber .The three species are-Swieteniamacrophylla, Swieteniamahagony and Swieteniahumilis.Swietenia species are classified officially as "Genuine Mahogany".Mahogany is a commercially important timber for its beauty, durability, color and used for panelling and to make furniture, boats, musical instruments etc.
The Mahogany tree ''Sweitenia'' which grow as natural populations in tropical America, Asiaand Africa, is a high value timber tree known for its redwood colour ,strength,durability,water resistance and aesthetic appeal. The Mahogany tree can grows over 60 feet high and reaching around 3-3.5feet diameter.
The continual increasing demand for hardwood timber , Mahogany can offer a tax effective investment in forestry make mahogany most demanding timber plant in this region. Mahogany is the most prized timber tree of India. It can be grown in almost every part of the country except the dry western zone, although the best Mahogany Plant develops in well drained deep alluvial soil.
Use of Mahogany for Health:
There are at least three active ingredients in the seeds of mahogany fruit that are beneficial to health: flavonoids, saponins and alkaloids. let's look at one by one the properties of each of these substances:
Flavonoids are phenolic compounds that contain a lot of plant pigments. Flavonoids are beneficial to humans especially because they are antioxidants that can eradicate free radicals and toxins and improve the immune system.the anti-oxidizing properties present in the flavonoid content create effective mahogany seed properties against various diseases, such as LDL buildup, high blood pressure and heart problems. Flavonoids can accelerate blood circulation, help improve the cardiovascular system, cleanse the blood vessels from blockage by cholesterol, and prevent arteriosclerosis.Flavonoid has anti-inflammatory properties that prevent inflammation of tissue. Flavonoids act as painkillers during minor injuries.
Benefits of the next seed of mahogany is obtained from Saponin, saponins are glucosides that form soap foam when mixed with water.Thissaponin is a natural soap derived from plants and has a hypoglycemic nature when used as a snack.
Saponin content of mahogany seeds make it a powerful natural remedy for people with diabetes mellitus.althoughsaponins are soap, will not poison in warm-blooded animals when ingested, including in humans.
Based on a study by Smith et al from Ekiti State University, Nigeria, and published in the Journal of Drug Delivery & Therapeutics, reveals that the hypoglycemic effects of saponins are even stronger than generic antidiabetic drugs, especially metformin.therefore we can conclude one of the properties of the seeds of mahogany that is proven as a natural diabetes remedy to maintain blood sugar levels remain normal.
In addition to helping fight diabetes, other properties of mahogany seeds include:
Research published by the National Institutes of Health states that saponins contain anti-allergic and antihistamine effects, making these mahogany seeds a powerful remedy for various health problems associated with allergies, especially asthma. Research also shows that saponins have the potential to overcome erectile dysfunction, especially those related to diabetes. Experiments in mice have shown that administration of high-dose saponins in rats managed to increase the rat's intracavernous pressure ratio. Many herbs containing saponins, especially ginseng, have been taken regularly by men to increase their masculinity. Saponins are an effective remedy for blood clotting and insomnia.
Other important benefits of mahogany seeds are mediated by their alkaline content. It is well known that most diseases occur when the body's pH level is too low or acidic. Everything that pollutes the body, including toxins and free radicals, is acidic. The alkaloids content of mahogany seeds is effective to detoxify the body and prevent oxidation and the damaging effects of the acidic properties.
Consuming the seeds of mahogany regularly will make the body more immune to cancer, plus the immune system will increase significantly.
Efficacy of the first mahogany seed is able to treat hypertension. Simply by collecting 8 grams of mahogany seeds, then brewed with 2 glasses of hot water. After cool then filter and divide into two parts / glass. Drink in the morning and afternoon.
2. Controlling Blood Sugar:
Another benefit is that mahogany seeds can be used to treat diabetes or high blood sugar levels. Eat 1/2 teaspoon of mahogany powder with warm water before meals, will help you reduce and stabilize blood sugar. Saponin substances in mahogany, is the most instrumental in helping to lower blood levels to normal.
3. Insect Repellent:
The efficacy of the third mahogany seed is as an insect repellent. When the mahogany seed is made into a powder, it can serve as an insect spray. For those who live in the tropics or where there are enough insects, can use mahogany powder as an additional intake to help strengthen the body against diseases caused by insects or transmitted by insects.
4. Treating Constipation:
Mahogany seeds can also be used to cure constipation. Consumption of this fruit (mashed) then mixed with warm water to relieve constipation.
5. Menstrual Pain:
One way to overcome the pain during menstruation is to use herbal medicine from the seeds of mahogany. Consuming mahogany seeds early in the menstrual cycle, will reduce the pain.
6. Making Women More Fertile:
Somehow, consuming 1 mahogany per day, will increase your fertility. Especially if you are a woman who has not had children and want to feel the pregnancy.
7. Increase Appetite:
If you often lose your appetite, then mahogany can be a solution. Simply consume 1 seed every day, until it regains your appetite again.
8. Cure Fever and Cold:
Efficacy of mahogany seeds are also able to cure flu (colds) and fever.take 1/2 teaspoon mahogany powder mixed with 1/4 cup hot water with a tablespoon of honey. Drink while still warm, drink 2-3 times a day.
9. Eczema and Rheumatism:
Take 1/2 teaspoon of mahogany powder and put in 1/2 cup hot water, add one tablespoon of honey. Drink while still warm. Do it three times a day.
Another benefit of Mahogany:
Extraction of mahogany and seeds is a nutritional-rich nutritional supplement.Efficacy of other mahogany seeds are:
Removes free radicals with antioxidants Reduces fat in the blood stream Able to reduce cholesterol levels, and boosts the immune system Consuming regular mahogany seeds will help to improve health,which makes life more qualified.
Prior to planting Mahogany must be ensured that the selected site is well thoroughly cleared of weeds.
Dig pit of size 1.5x1.5x1.5ft. During digging of the pit, care should be thoroughly cleaned of weeds.
The pit mixture should compose of well - decomposed organic manure (vita shakti or compost), de oiled neem cake and Top soil (kept aside during digging of the pit.) The pit mixture is prepared by thoroughly mixing equal parts of organic manure and topsoil, along with 200 grams of de-oiled neem-cake. The pit-mixture thus prepared, should be used for filling the pit.
Pit Filling & Spacing::
The pits must be filled, as much as possible, only with the prepared pit-mixture. If the topsoil is insufficient, coarse river sand may be used as an inert substitute, which also increases porosity and aeration. A peg may be placed in the centre of the pit for identification during planting. The pits must be filled at least 2-3 Days before planting, to allow for the pit-mixture to settle. The recommended spacing for the plant is a square or triangular grid type with dimension of 6.0 X 6.5 ft.
Watering has to be done immediately after planting. During the first two week watering should be done alternate day. Subsequently, irrigation can be done once in 3 to 4 days depending upon the soil and weather conditions. In non-irrigated lands micro-irrigation systems are recommended.
Fertilizer Application & Doses::
Fertilizer should be applied in 8 split doses. First year Origin N: P: K (17:17:17) & Micro Nutrients 200gms. / Plant / month, except dormancy (Dec - Jan) period. Every month this has to be split and applied through pocket manuring. Make hole 1 ft. away from the plants and the depth of the pit should be 1 ft. Apply the fertilizer in the hole and fill it with the soil.
Month No. of Holes / Holes No. of Application / Month Quantity 1st vita shakti120gms 2nd vita shakti 180gms 3rd vita shakti 180gms 4th vita shakti 200gms 5th vita shakti 200gms After 5th the same type of pocket manuring can be continued upto three years.OriginMicro nutrient application 1 gm / lt. Of water, foliar application once in 15 days for 1 year.
The site must be cleaned of weeds and the soil around the plant should be kept loose and well aerated. Mahogany can grow on a variety of soils. The quality of its growth, however, depends on the depth, structure, porosity, drainage and moisture-holding capacity of the soil. It develops best on deep, well-drained and fertile soils. Mahogany prefers moist, warm tropical climate. It can withstand extremes of temperature, but maximum & minimum shade temperatures of 25- 44. (oC) is the most favorable for its growth. It grows well in rainfall zone of 1200-2500 mm. It prefers a deep, fertile. The sandy soil is considered to be the best soil texture for this tree. It fails to grow in the soil with pH below 6.5.The calcium content of the soil is also an important factor; calcium deficiency in the soil results in stunted growth of Mahogany Planting.
Harvesting, yield & Returns::
The highest growth is recorded under plantation condition in India and tarai belt of NEPAL. At 10 years of age, the height growth was 23.1m and diameter was 28.7 cm. From the general yield table in the first quality Mahogany at 10 years of age, the average diameter is 27.2 cm and average height is 23.2m. The number of trees per acre is 1200-1500. The total yield of stem Timber is about 36000 Cft Timbers on good sites. At the best we may expect a tree to produce a maximum of 20 Cft of timber in 10 years under best conditions of intensive management and there could be a maximum of 1500 trees per acre.
We also provide technical support for farming.